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Travel Guide Nepal

Travel Guide Nepal 

Climate and Weather 

Nepal experiences four distinct climatic weathers/ seasons in a year:

Spring (March to May): Spring is a popular time to visit Nepal, as the weather is mild and pleasant. The temperature starts to rise, and the landscape becomes vibrant with blooming flowers and greenery.

The temperature in mountain region in Spring ranges between 4-20°C; in Kathmandu Valley, it ranges between 20-34°C. Unlike that, in Terai belt, it the temperature in Spring ranges between 30-44°C. So, Spring in Kathmandu Valley and Himalayan region is cool but it will very hot in Terai belt like in Chitwan  and Lumbini. 

Summer (June to August): The summer season in Nepal is characterized by monsoon rains. It is the wettest time of the year, with heavy rainfall, particularly in the southern region. The monsoon can bring flooding and landslides, affecting transportation and trekking routes. So, it is not considered to be a good trekking season in Nepal. However, some short treks and hikes around the city area like Kathmandu and Pokhara can still be done. 

The temperature in Summer in Himalayan belt ranges between 3-21 °C; in Kathmandu valley , it ranges between 18-29 or sometimes more than that. Terai is very hot in Summer too. The temperature in Terai belt in Summer ranges between 30-45°C.   

Autumn (September to November): Autumn is another favorable season for tourism in Nepal. The weather is clear, and the skies are usually free of rain clouds. This is an excellent time for trekking and outdoor activities, with moderate temperatures during the day and cool nights.

The temperature in Autumn in Nepal’s Himalayan region ranges between 2-20; sometimes, at the end of the Autumn, it even drops negative. It actually happens when it is about to switch from Autumn to Winter. It’s the beginning of the winter. 

But in Kathmandu Valley, the Autumn is very mild and perfect. The temperature ranges between 7-25 °C. But in Terai belt, the temperature ranges between 15-35 °C. 

Winter (December to February): Winter in Nepal is generally dry, with cold temperatures, especially in the higher altitudes. In the places like Kathmandu and Pokhara, the days are still pleasant, but it can get quite chilly during the nights. Snowfall is common in the mountainous regions, making it a good time for trekking in some areas. 

The temperature in Himalayan region in winter in Nepal ranges between negative to 15°C. Himalayan region at the climax of Winter (January) is severe. It is because it snows a lot making the life absolutely troublesome. Actually, people traveling in winter are interrupted by massive snowfall in mid winter. Therefore, it is suggested not to make any kind of long and challenging trekking trips in Nepal in the mid winter. 

However, the Kathmandu Valley has got the temperature between 5-22 °C. The life is not as harder as in the mountain region during winter in Nepal. 

Health and Safety 

Nepal is a developing country with three distinctive geographical regions. Mountain region is popular for trekking, climbing and mountaineering and the climate is cold throughout the year. Hilly region has got moderate to hot temperature and The Terai has got hot temperature except 2-3 winter months. 

The major cities like Kathmandu, Pokhara, Chitwan, Butwal, Biratnagar, Hetauda, Janakpur etc have got good health facilities with good hospitals and health service centers. But in mountain region and far hilly region, such kinds of facilities are not available.

In some area of Terai belt, people bear snakebite, dengue and malaria during summer and rainy. Even in major cities like Kathmandu and Pokhara, people get the sickness like malaria and dengue. But there is not any case of snakebite in Kathmandu and in Himalayan region. 

If the trekkers get sick during the trekking/tour, they will immediately rescued/evacuated even from the far mountain region with whatever possible and admitted to the hospitals located in the major cities like Kathmandu and Pokhara. 

It is not recommended to consume alcohol above 5000m in the mountain region of Nepal because they may get altitude sickness. Bring all your personal health issue related medicine while travelling in Nepal for sometimes you may not get it. 

Food and Drink 

 All types of food items including Continental, Chinese, Japanese, Indian and all Asian foods are served by the restaurants and hotels located in major cities like Kathmandu and Pokhara in Nepal. But in remote hilly and mountain areas, you can not get such types of foods and drinks as you prefer. The local teahouses and lodges offer you only certain items of foods and drinks on which you have to feed on and survive. 

However, you can carry the light snacks and foods during your travel time. In case you don’t like the items offered by the local guesthouses/lodges/ teahouses, you can use them. Nobody will obstruct you on using your own foods. 

In major cities, there are big departmental stores where people can get foods and drinks. You can visit them and get the food items you want.


There are two international airports: Gautam Buddha International Airport and Tribhuvan International Airport. Also, Pokhara international airport  is there but it is not receiving any international flights so far. 

There are domestic airports connecting the capital city, Kathmandu, to other districts and towns. People can use domestic flights to go from one to another city. Even the trekkers/ travelers can go with domestic flight from Kathmandu to mountain region of Nepal where your travel destinations lie. 

Nepal is mainly connected by roads. Road transportation is the main way of going here and there. There are some highways which are really good to travel but are frequently disturbed by huge traffic, accidents, heavy rain and landslides. But, you can use the roads for short distance travel. Do not try to use road for transportation during summer/rainy in Nepal (Jun-Aug)

Luxury tourists’ coaches, local buses, jeep, cars etc are the major types of means of transportation in Nepal. Trekkers/travelers can use them to fit their group size. These transportations can be shared if it is required. Major cities like Kathmandu, Pokhara, Chitwan, Lumbini etc. are connected by luxury tourist buses. Trekkers/ travelers have to go with other types that tourists buses to go to remote trekking routes in the mountain region in Nepal. 


Accommodation in Nepal varies from star luxury hotels to homestays. In developed cities like Pokhara and Kathmandu, people traveling to Nepal can get the very type of accommodation they want but comparing to it, local lodges/guesthouses/teahouses are the accommodations for overnight stay in the mountain region. It means, those who are going for trekking trip/hiking/climbing are going to stay overnights in local guesthouses/lodges. 

However, in some parts of Everest region trekking and Annapurna region trekking, trekkers can get some luxury hotels for overnight stay. Even the local people have started to construct the luxury accommodations for the tourists traveling on the route. For accommodating in luxury hotels and lodges, trekkers/travelers have to make a prior information/request to the local travel partner to book it for them beforehand departing to Nepal. 


The official currency of Nepal is the Nepalese Rupee (NPR), and cash is widely used for transactions. While major cities and tourist areas have ATMs, it's advisable to carry sufficient local currency, especially when venturing into remote regions where electronic payment options might be limited.

Nepal is generally an affordable destination for travelers. Accommodation, food, and transportation costs are reasonable, though luxury options are available for those seeking upscale experiences. Local markets offer handicrafts, textiles, and souvenirs, with room for bargaining.

Credit cards are accepted in upscale hotels, restaurants, and larger businesses, but it's prudent to carry cash for smaller establishments and local markets. Inform your bank of your travel plans to avoid any issues with card usage.

For budgeting, consider daily expenses for meals, transportation, and sightseeing. Additionally, allocate funds for adventure activities like trekking and exploring national parks. Keep in mind that prices might vary between peak and off-peak seasons.

By grasping the financial essentials of Nepal, you can immerse yourself in its stunning landscapes and vibrant culture while making the most of your travel experience.

Culture and Customs 

Nepal, nestled in the Himalayas, is a land of captivating culture and rich customs. Embrace the warmth of Nepali hospitality as you explore ancient temples, vibrant festivals, and breathtaking landscapes. Admire the stunning architecture of Kathmandu's Durbar Square and the serene beauty of lakes in Pokhara. Immerse yourself in the spiritual ambiance of Lumbini, the birthplace of Lord Buddha.

Engage with locals by participating in the colorful festivals like Dashain and Tihar, where age-old traditions come alive with vibrant decorations, music, and dancing. Savor traditional dishes like momo (dumplings) and dal bhat (lentil soup with rice) while enjoying mountain views.

Respect local customs by removing your shoes before entering homes and sacred sites, and using your right hand for giving and receiving. Dress modestly, particularly in religious areas. Remember, a warm "Namaste" greeting goes a long way.

Nature and culture blend seamlessly in Nepal, offering an unforgettable travel experience that will leave you with lasting memories of this enchanting country.

Passport and Visas 

Passport Requirements: All travelers visiting Nepal must possess a valid passport with at least six months of validity from their intended departure date. It's recommended to have some extra pages in your passport for entry and exit stamps.

Visa Information: Most foreign nationals require a visa to enter Nepal. There are three main options for obtaining a visa:

Visa on Arrival: The easiest way for many travelers is to obtain a visa upon arrival at Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu or at various land border crossings. You'll need to fill out a visa application form, provide a passport-sized photo, and pay the applicable visa fee in cash (US dollars or equivalent local currency). Visa types include 15, 30, and 90 days, with corresponding fees.

Pre-Arranged Visa: Alternatively, you can apply for a visa through a Nepalese embassy or consulate in your home country before your trip. This can be a good option if you prefer to have everything sorted before arrival.

Online Visa Application: Some nationalities can also apply for a visa online in advance through the official website of the Department of Immigration of Nepal. This method can expedite the process upon arrival.

Visa Extension: If you wish to extend your stay beyond the initially granted period, you can apply for a visa extension at the Department of Immigration in Kathmandu or its offices in major cities. It's recommended to start the extension process a few days before your current visa expires to avoid any overstay penalties.

Remember, visa requirements and procedures can change, so it's crucial to check the latest information from the official sources or Nepalese diplomatic missions in your home country before you travel.

With the right passport and visa in hand, you're well on your way to discovering Nepal's breathtaking mountains, rich cultural heritage, and warm hospitality. Enjoy your journey!

What to Pack ?

A travel guide heading to Nepal should be well-prepared to ensure a smooth and enriching journey. The unique blend of stunning landscapes, cultural diversity, and spiritual experiences that Nepal offers demands a thoughtful packing list. Here's a concise guide on what to pack for a trip to Nepal.

1. Clothing: Nepal's climate varies widely based on altitude and time of year. Packing layers is key. Bring lightweight, moisture-wicking clothes for lower altitudes and warmer seasons, and warmer clothing, including thermal layers, for higher altitudes and cooler months. Don't forget sturdy, comfortable hiking boots, waterproof jackets, and a hat for sun protection.

2. Travel Documents: Essential documents include your passport, visa (if required), travel insurance, any necessary permits for trekking, and copies of important documents in both physical and digital formats.

3. Medications and First Aid: Pack a basic first aid kit with items like bandages, antiseptic ointment, pain relievers, and any prescription medications you might need. Also, include altitude sickness medication if you plan to trek to high elevations.

4. Toiletries: Bring eco-friendly toiletries including biodegradable soap, toothpaste, a toothbrush, sunscreen, and insect repellent. Nepal's remote areas often have limited waste disposal facilities, so being environmentally conscious is crucial.

5. Electronics: A travel adapter, power bank, and portable charger are must-haves. A camera or smartphone with a good camera is also essential for capturing Nepal's breathtaking scenery and vibrant culture.

6. Cash and Cards: While major cities have ATMs, cash is still king in many places. It's advisable to carry both local currency (Nepalese Rupees) and a credit/debit card for backup.

7. Outdoor Gear: For trekkers and adventure enthusiasts, packing trekking poles, a lightweight backpack, a sleeping bag suitable for the expected temperatures, and a reusable water bottle is essential.

8. Travel Accessories: A headlamp or flashlight, a pocket knife, a travel towel, and a sturdy daypack for day trips are practical additions to your packing list.

9. Respectful Attire: Nepal is culturally rich and predominantly Hindu. Pack modest clothing to respect local customs, especially if you plan to visit temples or rural areas.

10. Local Sim Card: Consider purchasing a local SIM card to stay connected, especially if you plan on traveling independently and need reliable communication.

11. Guidebooks and Maps: While digital resources are valuable, having a physical guidebook and local maps can be incredibly helpful for navigating and understanding the region.

12. Snacks: Pack energy bars, trail mix, and other lightweight snacks for your outdoor adventures or long travel days.

Remember, packing light and smart is the key to an enjoyable trip. Prioritize items based on the activities you plan to engage in, the places you'll visit, and the local culture you'll immerse yourself in. Being well-prepared will allow you to fully embrace Nepal's beauty and charm.

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Art representing various natural and cultutal heritages of Nepal